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What are the Symptoms of Diabetes ?

Diabetes symptoms are varied and can often be mistaken for other illnesses, or simply symptoms of getting older. Some of the main symptoms of diabetes are outlined below.

  • One key diabetes symptom is extreme thirst and excessive urination, particularly at night. 
  • Because the glucose in the food you eat is not being used effectively you may experience an increase in appetite as your body demands more.
  • You may also experience sudden unexplained weight loss as the calories in the glucose are not processed in your body.
  • A further symptom of diabetes is extreme fatigue or drowsiness as the glucose is not used to produce energy.
  • Genital itching, or frequent bouts of thrush can be diabetes symptoms, and you should always mention these to your doctor.
  • A diabetic may have heavy, laboured breathing with a fruity or wine like smell.
  • A potential diabetes symptom is when wounds or sores take an unusually long time to heal.
  • Numbness in the legs or feet can also be a symptom of diabetes.

How are diabetes symptoms experienced ?

If you experience any of the above symptoms, diabetes may possibly be the cause and you should consult your doctor immediately. Early diabetes diagnosis plays a crucial role in diabetic control, and can prevent further medical complications, and in extreme cases, even death.

The symptoms of diabetes type 1 tend to be more obvious, and appear over a short period of time. However, we need to be aware of them as they can easily be mistaken for flu, and the progression of diabetes type 1 can be extremely rapid.

Diabetes type 2 symptoms tend to be less obvious, and many diabetics do not experience any symptoms at all before diabetes diagnosis. Those that do experience symptoms often put them down to getting older, or just being a bit overweight and unfit. It is not unusual for a diabetes type 2 sufferer not to have their diabetes symptoms recognised for between four and seven years.

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