What is Diabetes Type 2 ?
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and accounts for 90% of cases.
Sufferers of diabetes type 2 either do not produce sufficient insulin, or are unable to use the insulin they
do produce efficiently. Many people with type 2 diabetes do not realise they have the disease, and
consequently it can lead to complications such as blindness and heart
Who is at risk from Type 2 Diabetes
The actual causes of diabetes are still unclear, but we do know that they are a
combination of genetic and envorinmental causes. There are many factors that can increase your chances of
developing diabetes; the major one is being overweight.
80% of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are overweight, and the heavier you are the
higher risk you have. For women, a waist size of over 31.5inches (80cm) presents a high risk of diabetes type
ii. For white or black men, the measurement is 37 inches (94cm), and for Asian men it is 35 inches
If you are over 40 years old you have an increased risk of type two diabetes,
particularly if you have a close relative, such as a parent or sibling that has had the disease. You are also
at an increased risk if you have had a heart attack or stroke, if you have high blood pressure, or if you
have circulation problems.
Women who have polycystic
ovaries and are overweight have an increased risk of type two diabetes, as do
those who have had temporary gestational diabetes while pregnant, or who have given birth to a large
There are two conditions that raise the glucose level in your
blood, and put you at increased risk from diabetes type 2, which are impaired fasting glycaemia (IFG) or
impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Eating healthily, losing weight and exercising regularly can help you to ensure
these conditions do not progress to diabetes type two.
How is Diabetes Type 2 treated ?
Generally type 2 diabetes will be treated initially with lifestyle changes such as
attention to diet, weight loss and increased activity, rather than by taking regular doses of
Trying to balance your diet when you are diagnosed with diabetes can be daunting,
particularly if you are trying to lose weight at the same time. Planning a healthy type 2 diabetes diet can
take time and research. Check out some type two diabetes diet recipes to get some ideas for healthy
For an effective type two diabetes diet you should try to eat a wide range of healthy
foods, and aim to make small gradual changes in what you eat. Making dramatic changes, or only eating one or
two types of food will decrease your chances of sticking to your diet, and will not be healthy in the long
In addition to lifestyle changes, your doctor may also recommend medication to normalise
your blood sugar levels. There are several types of tablet that can help the pancreas to produce more
insulin, help your body make better use of the insulin you have, or limit the absorption of insulin during
Type two diabetes is a progressive disease, and if your blood sugar levels can not be
controlled by lifestyle changes or the tablets mentioned above, your doctor may decide that daily insulin
injections are necessary.
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